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Neurology Disorders

Neurology Disorders

Migraine - Migraine is defined as an episodic headache, which is one-sided, often associated with vomiting and visual disturbances. It occurs commonly in women. Stroke - Stroke is a half-sided paralysis that occurs that results from a…

Brain Abscess

What is Brain Abscess? Brain abscess is linked to chronic ear, sinus or lung infections as well as contaminated penetrating wounds or post-operative surgery. The source of infection can also come from skin infections, bone, teeth or the…

Bacterial Meningitis

what is Bacterial Meningitis? It is defined as an inflammation of the pia-arachnoid membranes covering the brain and the fluid residing in the space, which it encloses. Causes 1. Penetrating injuries of the skull. 2. Tuberculosis. 3.…

Chronic Subdural Hematoma

What is Chronic Subdural Hematoma? In such a case, a preceding injury to the skull would have taken place but is forgotten. Nearly 25% of patients fail to give any history of head injury. The causative injury may be trivial e.g. striking…

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

What is Subarachnoid Hemorrhage? The subarachnoid space is the area between two of the meninges (Arachnoid and pia mater) that cover the brain. This space normally contains a fluid called the cerebrospinal fluid. Bleeding into this space…

Pellagra

What is Pellagra? Pellagra is a chronic wasting disease associated with skin changes (dermatitis), dementia and diarrhea. Dermatitis bilateral, symmetrical and is present at sites exposed to the sun and is due to photosensitivity. The…

Spinal Cord Injury

What is Spinal Cord Injury? Spinal cord injuries are common after falls from buildings, trees, walls, road traffic accidents, horse riding, bullet injuries and ship bunks. Paraplegia (lower limb paralysis) or quadriplegia (all four limbs…

Myasthenia Gravis

What is Myasthenia Gravis? Myasthenia Gravis is a chronic disease characterised by abnormal weakness and fatigability on exertion. It is due to a shortage of an enzyme called Acetylcholine as a result of acetyle choline receptor…