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Neurology Disorders

Brain Tumors

What is Brain Tumor? It is a growth of abnormal cells within the brain that may be cancerous or non-cancerous. Brain tumors produce symptoms by compression of adjacent tissues or by the infiltrative spread. Many of the symptoms are caused…

Cerebral Hemorrhage

What is Cerebral Hemorrhage? The average affected individuals range from middle-aged to old. The onset is explosive with headache and vomiting. Loss of consciousness occurs and there is rapid deterioration. Hypertension is always present.…

Beri Beri

What is Beri Beri? This condition is mostly seen on a background of prolonged ingestion of alcohol. It is present in more than 80% of cases of Wernicke-Korsakoff's disease. The development of vitamin B1 deficiency in chronic alcoholics…

Nerve Pain

What is Nerve Pain? It is described as pain in the part of an area or the whole area supplied by a nerve without any physical changes. Types of Neuralgia 1. Trigeminal Neuralgia-Usually affects one side of the face. There is severe…

Sciatica

What is Sciatica? The sciatica nerve is derived from the fourth and fifth lumbar as well as the first and second sacral nerve roots. It provides nerve supply to the lower limbs. This nerve is commonly injured in the fracture of the pelvis…

Tension Headache

What is Tension Headache? Tension Headache is the commonest form of headache. The pain is usually constant and may be generalised. Causes Stress Anxiety Depression Clinical Features The patient experiences a dull,…

Lathyrism

What is Lathurism? Lathyrism is a paralysing disease of humans-Neurolathyrism because it affects the nervous system. It is a crippling disease characterised by gradually developing stiff paralysis of the lower limbs occurring mostly in…

Cerebral Embolism

The average affected individual is a young female. The heart is the most common source of embolic material. The onset is sudden. The patient is dazed. The incident is preceded by a severe headache. No hypertension is present. The area of…

Huntington’ Chorea

What is Huntington's Chorea? Huntington's Chorea is a genetic disorder characterised by the appearance of dementia and involuntary jerky movements of the whole body, beginning in mid-adult life. There is atrophy of the basal ganglia in…

Cerebral Infection

What is Cerebral Infection? The average affected individual is middle-aged or elderly. The onset is slow and progressive (stroke in evolution). A bruit may be felt in one carotid artery in the neck indicating the area of narrowing by a…