Migraine – Migraine is defined as an episodic headache, which is one-sided, often associated with vomiting and visual disturbances. It occurs commonly in women.
Stroke – Stroke is a half-sided paralysis that occurs that results from a certain area of brain damage due to interruption of blood supply.
Multiple Sclerosis – Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that is usually present in the form of recurrent attacks of focal or multifocal neurological dysfunction of the brain and the spinal cord. The disease process attacks the myelin sheaths of the nerves and disrupts their function.
Alzheimer’s Disease – Alzheimer’s Disease is a condition is a degenerative disease and one of the commonest causes of dementia in the elderly. Alzheimer’s Disease is characterised by the death of nerve cells in the cerebral hemispheres of the brain. This gradually leads to the atrophy of the brain, which shrinks in size.
Parkinson’s Disease – Parkinson’s Disease is a degenerative disease occurring in the basal ganglia of the brain and a decrease in a biochemical compound called dopamine of which the cause is unknown.
Wernicke’s Encephalopathy – Clinical features 1. Weakness or paralysis of the 6th cranial nerve resulting in double vision, squint and rapid movements side to side of the eyes. 2. Ataxia-Patient unable to stand or walk without support. 3. Derangement of mental functions-Confusional state.
Bacterial Meningitis – what is Bacterial Meningitis? It is defined as an inflammation of the pia-arachnoid membranes covering the brain and the fluid residing in the space, which it encloses. Causes 1. Penetrating injuries of the skull. 2. Tuberculosis. 3. Spread of infection.
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage – What is Subarachnoid Hemorrhage? The subarachnoid space is the area between two of the meninges (Arachnoid and pia mater) that cover the brain. This space normally contains a fluid called the cerebrospinal fluid. Bleeding into this space takes place from.
Pellagra – What is Pellagra? Pellagra is a chronic wasting disease associated with skin changes (dermatitis), dementia and diarrhea. Dermatitis bilateral, symmetrical and is present at sites exposed to the sun and is due to photosensitivity. The mental changes include fatigue, insomnia,