Hemolytic Anemia

What is Hemolytic Anemia?

Hemolytic Anemia is a condition where RBCs undergo premature destruction.

1. Hereditary

a. Abnormalities of RBC interior.
b. RBC membranes abnormalities.

2. Acquired

a. Enlarged spleen.
b. Immune factors.
c. Mechanical trauma.
d. Direct toxic effects: Malaria

The RBC has a life span of about 120 days. Hence premature destruction maybe

(i) Moderate hemolysis (RBC life span reduced to 20-40 days)
(ii) Severe hemolysis (RBC life span reduced to 5-20 days)

Clinical Features of Hemolytic Anemia

1. Anemia, pallor.
2. Weakness, fatigue, listlessness.

Management of Hemolytic Anemia

Consult a doctor.