Thalassemia – Types, Treatment of Thalassemia

Thallasemia

What is Thallasemia?

Thallasemia is an inherited form of anemia, wherein there is a defect in the synthesis of hemoglobin. As a result of the decreased production of hemoglobin, the RBCs are small.

Types of Thallasemia

1. Thallasemia major in which the defective gene is inherited from both parents.
2. Thallasemia minor where the defective gene is inherited from one parent and the other is a carrier.

Clinical Features of Thallasemia

1. Anemia, pallor, weakness, fatigue.
2. Jaundice.
3. Enlarged spleen.

Management of Thallasemia

Repeated blood transfusions.