Acute Kidney Failure – It is defined as a rapid deterioration in renal functions sufficient to result in an accumulation of waste products in the body.
Nephritis – This condition results from structural and functional disintegration of the glomerular capillary circulation.
Polycystic Kidney Disease – Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease is a systemic hereditary disorder transmitted in an autosomal-dominant manner. It is genetically heterogeneous; so far, two genes have been identified. The systemic manifestations include cystic and non-cystic renal and extrarenal abnormalities. Renal cysts occur in 100% of gene carriers.
Kidney Stones – Kidney stones are usually based on calcium salts, uric acid, cystine, and struvite. Of the calcium stones, the majority are made of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate.
Cystitis – Cystitis is a condition where the urinary bladder is infected by bacteria.