What is Nephritis?

This condition results from structural and functional disintegration of the glomerular capillary
circulation.

Causes

1. Bacterial infectious diseases: Infections of the throat, the teeth and of the heart valves,
blood poisoning, pneumonia, typhoid and secondary syphilis.
2. Viral diseases: Hepatitis B, mumps, measles, chickenpox.
3. Parasitic diseases: Malaria, toxoplasmosis.
4. Multisystem diseases: Inflammation of the blood vessels, SLE.
5. Primary glomerular diseases.
6. Radiation and serum sickness.

Clinical Features

1.Blood in urine.
2.Excess protein loss in urine.
3.Reduced filtration.
4.High BP.
5.Salt and water retention: Heart failure, puffiness of eyelids and face, ankle swelling.

Management

Admit for specialised care in a hospital.

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