Asthma – Asthma is manifested physiologically by a widespread narrowing of the air passages, which is relieved promptly by therapy. Most attacks are short lived and last from a few minutes to hours. It may be familial or acquired.

Pneumonia – Pneumonia is defined as an acute inflammation of the lung tissue.

Acute Bronchitis – Acute Bronchitis is defined as an inflammation of the bronchioles especially seen in infants and children.

Lung Abscess – A lung abscess is a necrotic area of lung tissue containing pus.

Pleural Effusion – It is the collection of fluid between the two layers of the pleura.

PneumothoraxIt is defined as a collection of gas in the pleural space that results in the complete or partial collapse of the lung. Normally the pressure in the normal pleural sac is sub-atmospheric. With the leakage of air into the pleural space.

Chronic Bronchitis – This condition is seen mostly in cold, wet, polluted environments. It is associated with excessive tracheobronchial mucous production sufficient to cause cough with expectoration for 3 months a year for more.

Emphysema – Emphysema condition is defined as the distention of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles with the destruction of alveolar septa within the lungs. It is generally present in both lungs.

Tuberculosis – Tuberculosis is a specific infectious disease caused by the TB bacillus. The disease primarily affects the lungs. It can however cause disease in any organ of the body.

Leave a reply