Acute Bronchitis is defined as an inflammation of the bronchioles especially seen in infants and children. Bronchitis may be acute or chronic. In chronic cases, the disease is of long duration. It is more serious than the acute type as permanent changes may have occurred in the lungs, thereby interfering with their normal movements. Chronic bronchitis is more frequent in males than in females and mortality rate is also higher in males.
Is Bronchitis Contagious?
Bronchitis is extremely contagious; it can be contracted by coughing, sneezing, or through touching places that the infected person has touched.
Sign & Symptom of Bronchitis
In most cases of bronchitis, the larynx, trachea and bronchial tubes are acutely inflamed. The tissues are swollen due to irritation. Large quantities of mucus are secreted and poured into the windpipe to protect the inflamed mucous membrane. The phelgm, when expelled is found to be viscid and purulent. There is usually a higher fever, some difficulty in breathing and a deep chest cough are some of the symptoms of Bronchitis. Other symptoms of Bronchitis are hoarseness and pain in the chest and loss of appetite. Breathing trouble continues till the inflammation subsides and mucous is removed.
Other Symptom of Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis often starts with a dry, annoying cough that is triggered by the inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. Other symptoms may include:
- cough that may bring up thick white, yellow, or greenish mucus
- generally feeling ill
- fever (usually mild)
- shortness of breath
- soreness or a feeling of tightness in the chest
- wheezing (a whistling or hissing sound with breathing)
Clinical Features of Acute Bronchitis
1. Generally secondary to a common cold or viral
2. Respiratory distress-rapid shallow breathing
3. Constant hacking cough
Management of Acute Bronchitis
1. Contact a doctor
2. Bed rest
3. Plenty of fluids orally
Prevention of Acute Bronchitis
1. The child must always be dressed correctly especially in winter.
2. No smoking in the environment of the child.
Chronic Bronchitis information & its prevention and cure
In case of chronic bronchitis, the patient can begin with an all- fruit diet for five to seven days, taking each day three meals of fresh juicy fruits. After the all-fruit diet, the patient should follow a well-balanced diet of seeds, nuts and grains, vegetables and fruits. For drinks, unsweetened lemon water or cold or hot plain water may betaken. The patient should avoid meats, sugar, tea, coffee, condiments, pickles, refined and processed foods, soft-drinks, candies, ice-cream and products made from sugar and white flour.
Acute Bronchitis information & its prevention and cure
In cases of acute bronchitis , the patient should fast on orange juice and water till the acute symptoms subside. The procedure is to take the juice of an orange in a glass of warm water
every two hours from 8 a.m. to 8 p.m. Thereafter, the patient should adopt an all-fruit diet for two or three days.