What is Emphysema?

Emphysema condition is defined as the distention of the air spaces distal to the terminal bronchioles with the destruction of alveolar septa within the lungs. It is generally present in both lungs. Air sacs distend and rupture to form large emphysematous sacs, which are not available for the exchange of oxygen with blood resulting in less oxygen being available for the body.

Cause

Chronic bronchitis with recurrent attacks of acute bronchitis.

Clinical Feature

1. Breathlessness and wheezing.
2. With time patients become blue, bloated and the chests become barrel-shaped.

Management

1. Stop smoking.
2. Off and on review by a doctor.
3. Avoid polluted environments.

Leave a reply