What is Goitre?

Goitre is the swelling of the thyroid gland, which is common in areas where there is a lack
of iodine in the diet, although other causes too are present.

Causes of Goitre

1. Iodine deficiency.
2. Hormonal defect in the pituitary gland i.e. excessive production of thyroid-stimulating
hormone and therefore decreased production of thyroxin by the thyroid gland.
3. Excess consumption of goitrogen e.g. cabbage.
4. Onset of puberty.

Clinical Features of Goitre

1. Swelling in front of the neck, soft or firm.
2. Rarely compression of trachea or esophagus.

Management of Goitre

Consult a doctor.