Diabetes – Diabetes Symptom, Treatment, cause

Diabetes
Photo taken in Dhaka, Bangladesh

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic diseases in developing and developed countries. Diabetes is a condition where insulin production from the pancreas gland is no longer sufficient or available for the metabolism of sugar and carbohydrates. This results in a rise of blood sugar levels well beyond the normal and thus diabetes (hyperglycemia).

Causes of Diabetes

  • Genetic linked.
  • Pancreatic disease.
  • Hormonal abnormalities.
  • Drugs or chemicals induced.
  • Stress.
  • Viral diseases.

Clinical Features of Diabetes

  • Obesity.
  • Fatigue.
  • Weight loss.
  • Increased appetite and
  • Frequent urination.
  • Recurrent infections.
  • thirst.

Management of Diabetes

  • Control of diet-low sugar diet.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Reduce weight.
  • Consult a physician for drug therapy.

Complications of Diabetes

  • Diabetic coma
  • Diabetic neuropathy
  • Chronic ulcers of feet
  • Cataracts and Blindness
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Hypertension
  • Coronary heart disease.