Graves Disease – Graves Disease Symptom, Treatment

Graves Disease

What is Grave’s Disease?

Grave’s disease is a disease of unknown cause, although fairly common. It is suspected to have a genetic origin. In this case, the thyroid gland is diffusely enlarged, soft, non-tender. All the tissues within are also enlarged.

Clinical Features of Grave’s disease

1. Thyrotoxicosis

  • Nervousness, emotional lability, anxiety.
  • Inability to sleep.
  • Fine tremors of the fingers.
  • Frequent bowel movement.
  • Excessive sweating and heat intolerance.
  • Weight loss usual in spite of an adequate diet.
  • Loss of strength, fatigue, lethargy.
  • In women disturbances in menstruation.
  • Dyspnea, palpitations, pain in chest.
  • Skin is warm and moist.
  • Moist palms with a reddish color.

2. Grave’s disease

  • The thyroid gland is large, asymmetrical, and lobular.
  • Bruit may be heard over the gland suggesting high blood flow.
  • Characteristic stare, lid lags while attempting to shut eyes, frightened look.
  • Bulging of the eyeballs.
  • Skin is raised, thickened, and hyper-pigmented.

Management of Grave’s disease

A physician must be consulted for starting anti-thyroid drugs, surgery, and radioactive iodine therapy.