What is Leucoderma?

Vitiligo or Leucoderma is an acquired depigmentation of the skin, which is extremely common with a worldwide prevalence. Both sexes are affected equally. Leucoderma, also known as vitiligo, is a distressing skin condition. The word Lecucoderma means ‘ white skin’. There is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layers which results in white patches. These patches look ugly, especially in persons with dark complexions. Leucoderma can occur at any age in either sex in normal skin.

Leucoderma / Vitiligo conditions have considerable psycho-social importance. Genetic predisposition is present. No age is exempt. The disease frequently starts in children and young adults. Leucoderma is a fairly common disorder and it affects one percent or more of the world’s population. The incidence is a little higher in India. Leucoderma is, however, more common in women than men. The most affected areas are the hands, the neck, the back, and the wrist in that order.

Clinical Features of Leucoderma / Vitiligo

1. Appearance of irregular, oval, circular or linear white spots which may be separate or together.
2. Generally face, hands, and feet are affected.
3. The spread of the depigmented area is gradual.
4. Hair may turn white.
5. Course is unpredictable, maybe progressive or self-healing.
6. Consult a dermatologist.

Prevention tips for Leucoderma (Vitiligo) Cure

1. The patient should avoid tea, coffee, alcoholic beverages, and all condiments and highly flavored dishes.

2. He or she should also avoid sugar, white flour products, denatured cereals like polished rice and pearled barley, and tinned or bottled foods

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