Roundworm

What is Roundworm? The roundworm is also known as Ascaris lumbricoides. It is the longest worm parasite of humans, reaching up to 40 cms in length. It is an extremely common ailment in Indian villages and towns. Adult worms live in the…

Bacterial Meningitis

what is Bacterial Meningitis? It is defined as an inflammation of the pia-arachnoid membranes covering the brain and the fluid residing in the space, which it encloses. Causes 1. Penetrating injuries of the skull. 2. Tuberculosis. 3.…

Trichinosis

What is Trichinosis? Trichinella spiralis is a common worm to affects humans who consume pork meat. In a country like India, where quality pork is rarely available even in urban areas trichinosis is a common infection. Trichinosis is a…

Chronic Subdural Hematoma

What is Chronic Subdural Hematoma? In such a case, a preceding injury to the skull would have taken place but is forgotten. Nearly 25% of patients fail to give any history of head injury. The causative injury may be trivial e.g. striking…

Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

What is Subarachnoid Hemorrhage? The subarachnoid space is the area between two of the meninges (Arachnoid and pia mater) that cover the brain. This space normally contains a fluid called the cerebrospinal fluid. Bleeding into this space…

Amoebiasis

What is Amoebiasis? Amoebiasis is an infection of the large intestine produced by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. In a country like India, almost 75% of the population suffers from this condition in view of the poor hygienic status of…

Pellagra

What is Pellagra? Pellagra is a chronic wasting disease associated with skin changes (dermatitis), dementia and diarrhea. Dermatitis bilateral, symmetrical and is present at sites exposed to the sun and is due to photosensitivity. The…

Spinal Cord Injury

What is Spinal Cord Injury? Spinal cord injuries are common after falls from buildings, trees, walls, road traffic accidents, horse riding, bullet injuries and ship bunks. Paraplegia (lower limb paralysis) or quadriplegia (all four limbs…

Constipation

What is Constipation? Constipation is defined as an undue delay in the evacuation of stools. It is a common complaint. It may be due to abnormal retention of fecal matter or delay in discharge from the rectum. Stools may be described as…