Cholera

What is Cholera? Cholera disease is a diarrheal one that can in a matter of hours result in death. It is caused by a bacteria called Vibrio cholera. Cholera occurs in epidemic form and is common in the subcontinent especially during the…

Viral Gastroenteritis

What is Viral Gastroenterites? Viral Gastroenteritis is a common cause of acute diarrhea. It is one of the most important causes of death amongst infants and little children in developing countries like India and Bangladesh. Viral…

Pheochromocytoma

What is Pheochromocytoma? Pheochromocytoma is a tumour of the adrenal gland. The tumour is generally a benign one. These tumours produce excess hormones like adrenaline. They are very vascular. Clinical Features of Pheochromocytoma 1.…

Cystitis

What is Cystitis? Cystitis is a condition where the urinary bladder is infected by bacteria. Causes 1. Women are more prone because of the proximity of the anus, sexual intercourse, and pregnancy. 2. Introduction of catheters.…

Botulism

What is Botulism? Botulism is an acute form of food poisoning that results from ingestion of a toxin produced by a bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. This infection is spread due to contaminated canned foods. Botulinum toxins are the…

Kidney Stones

What is Kidney Stones? Kidney stones are usually based on calcium salts, uric acid, cystine and struvite. Of the calcium stones the majority are made of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. The commonest kidney stones are the calcium…

Myasthenia Gravis

What is Myasthenia Gravis? Myasthenia Gravis is a chronic disease characterised by abnormal weakness and fatigability on exertion. It is due to a shortage of an enzyme called Acetylcholine as a result of acetyle choline receptor…

Tetanus

What is Tetanus? Tetanus is a neuralgic disorder, characterised by increased muscle tension and spasms (Trismus). The disease is caused by a bacteria called clostridium tetani. This organism is found in soil and in animal feces. This…