What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids are defined as the venous swelling of the internal and external hemorrhoid veins together with inflammation. Piles may thus be internal or external. Generally, middle-aged individuals are affected.

Causes of Hemorrhoids

1. Low fibre diet.
2. Chronic constipation and straining.
3. Pregnancy.

Clinical Features of Hemorrhoids

1.Bleeding per rectum.
2.Pain and itching around the anus.

Complications of Hemorrhoids

1.Thrombosis of veins.
2.Prolapsed piles outside the anus resulting in an emergency.

Management of Hemorrhoids

1.Improve dietary fibre intake e.g. leafy vegetables.
2.Avoid constipation.
3.Consult a doctor.

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