Typhoid Fever

What is Typhoid Fever?

Typhoid Fever disease is caused by a bacteria called Salmonella typhi. It is a common disease in the subcontinent and affects both sexes and all age groups. Poor hygiene conditions, open sanitation habits, flies, sale of exposed food, and illiteracy is responsible for this disease.The incubation period is 3 to 60 days.

Clinical Features of Typhoid Fever

1.Fever up to 41 C.
2.Headache, malaise, loss of appetite, weakness.
3.Liver and spleen may be enlarged.
4.Pulse rate is not rapid for the type of fever.
5.Nose bleeds may occur.
6.Weight loss, coated tongue.

Management of Typhoid Fever

1. Complete bed rest.
2. Analgesics.
3. Plenty of fluids.
4. Consult a doctor.

Prevention of Typhoid Fever

1. Avoid eating food from the streets.
2. Wash hands before meals.
3. Oral vaccine.