Digestive Disorders

Esophagitis – Esophagitis condition consists of damage to the mucous membrane as a result of reflux of stomach contents into the food pipe due to a weak lower esophageal sphincter.

Hiatus Hernia – Hiatus Hernia is the herniation of a part of the stomach into the thoracic cavity through the esophageal opening within the diaphragm.

Gastritis – GASTRITIS is an inflammation of the stomach mucous lining.

Diverticulosis – Diverticulosis is a disease where small pouches like herniations are formed through the entire thickness of the intestinal wall. This condition may be present anywhere in the digestive tract from the duodenum to the colon.

Peptic Ulcer – Peptic ulcer is produced when the aggressive effects of acid-pepsin dominate the protective effects of the stomach and duodenal mucosal resistance.

Duodenal Ulcer – Duedenal Ulcer is a chronic and recurrent disease. The ulcer is usually deep and sharply demarcated.

Gastric Erosion – Gastric Erosion is minor ulceration of the gastric mucosa.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome – Irritable Bowel Syndrome is one of the most common conditions of the digestive system and although not life-threatening, it causes great distress to the affected person.

Hemorrhoids – Hemorrhoids are defined as the venous swelling of the internal and external hemorrhoid veins together with inflammation. Piles may thus be internal or external. Generally, middle-aged individuals are affected.

Intestinal Obstruction – Intestinal obstruction is an emergency condition due to mechanical obstruction of the small intestine due to various reasons.

Acute Appendicitis – The appendix is a blind-ended outgrowth tube about 1-9 cm long, which projects from the caecum, that is, the first part of the large intestine. It is located close to the ileocaecal junction.

Acute Peritonitis – Acute Peritonitis is a localised or generalised inflammatory process of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a membrane that lines the abdominal wall.

Food Poisoning – Food Poisoning is defined as a condition resulting from eating contaminated foods or consuming poisoned berries, mushrooms etc. The commonest cause of food poisoning is stale decomposed food that is contaminated by bacteria.

Botulism – Botulism is an acute form of food poisoning that results from ingestion of a toxin produced by a bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. This infection is spread due to contaminated canned foods. Botulinum toxins are the most potent poisons known. These toxins are absorbed primarily in the stomach and upper part of the small intestine.

Viral Gastroenteritis – Viral Gastroenteritis is a common cause of acute diarrhea. It is one of the most important causes of death amongst infants and little children in developing countries like India and Bangladesh.

Cholera – Cholera occurs in epidemic form and is common in the subcontinent especially during the summer months and during floods. Ingestion of water
contaminated with feces is the common method of acquiring this disease which spreads like
wildfire.

Amoebiasis – Amoebiasis is an infection of the large intestine produced by the parasite Entamoeba histolytica. In a country like India, almost 75% of the population suffers from this condition in view of the poor hygienic status of the population, flies, open hawking of cooked food. The common mode of spread is the fecal-oral route as also common foodborne and waterborne transmission.

Constipation – Chronic constipation leads to piles and anal fissures. When constipation alternates with diarrhea, the possibility of cancer colon or cancer rectum must be seriously considered.

Trichinosis – Trichinella spiralis is a common worm to affect humans who consume pork meat. In a country like India, where quality pork is rarely available even in urban areas trichinosis is a common infection. Trichinosis is a parasitic infection caused by the larvae of the worm.

Round Worm (Ascariasis) – The roundworm is also known as Ascaris lumbricoides. It is the longest worm parasite of humans, reaching up to 40 cms in length. It is an extremely common ailment in Indian villages and towns.

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