Cardiology Disorders

Acute Myocardial Infarction – Acute Myocardial Infarction is defined as the sudden blockage of one or more coronary arteries as a result of coronary atheroslerosis, thrombus, embolus. Acute Myocardial Infarction is one of the commonest heart ailments in middle aged andelderly individuals.

Mitral Stenosis – In normal adults the Mitral valve between the left atrium and left ventricle, has an orifice of 4-6 sq.cm. When the orifice is less than half of the normal, blood flow between left atrium and left ventricle is significantly obstructed.

Aortic Stenosis – Aortic Stenosis lesion occurs in 25% of all patients with chronic valvular heart disease of rheumatic origin. The primary abnormality is an obstruction to the left ventricle output. There is reduced cardiac output and a gradually dilating left ventricle and hypertrophy of the heart muscle.

Hypotension – Hypotension and shock are not synonymous. While the shock is always associated with low BP, a previously hypertensive patient may be in shock despite BP being within normal limits. Hypotension may occur in the absence of shock.

Hypertension – Blood pressure above 140/90 constitutes hypertension. An increase in diastolic pressure is more important in the definition of hypertension.

Tachycardia – The normal pulse rate varies from 60-72 per minute. This rate may rise with specific conditions like in Tachycardia.

Paroxysmal Atrial Tachycardia – Paroxysmal atrial tachycardia is one of the types of heart disease or arrhythmia an irregular heartbeat. May be present in normal individuals, WPW syndrome (pre-excitation), digitalis toxicity, rheumatic heart disease, and coronary artery disease.

Wolf Parkinson White Syndrome – Wolf Parkison White Syndrome is the increased heart rate caused by abnormally fast electrical conduction in an accessory pathway within the heart bypassing the normal conduction system.

Heart Block – Heart Block is a condition in which there is a failure in the conduction of electrical impulses from the natural pacemaker (Sinoatrial node) through the heart, which can lead to a slowing of the pump action.

Ischaemic Heart Disease – Ischaemic Heart Disease is defined as an episodic disease resulting in a temporary stoppage of blood in the coronary arteries and ischaemia of the heart muscle.

Rheumatic Fever – Rheumatic Fever is an inflammatory disease, which occurs as a delayed sequel to pharyngeal infection with streptococcal bacteria. It involves principally the heart, joints, central nervous system, and skin.

Infective Endocarditis – Infective Endocarditis is a microbial infection (if damaged heart valves of rheumatic origin and of the endocardium of the heart (the inner lining).

Heart Failure – Heart Failure is defined as a state of abnormality of the cardiac function where the rate of pumping blood by the heart does not commensurate with the requirement of peripheral tissues.

Cardiac Arrest – Cardiac Arrest is defined as the failure and stop of the pumping action of the heart.

Atrial Flutter – We can say Atrial flutter is a type of abnormal heart rhythm that occurs when the upper heart chambers start beating too fast, due to which the bottom chambers have to beat faster than normal.

Atrial Fibrillation – According to new research Atrial fibrillation is a heart disease in which irregular and often rapid heart rate occurs due to two upper chambers of your heart and your heart experience chaotic electrical signals.