Cardiac Arrest

What is Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac Arrest is defined as the failure and stopping of the pumping action of the heart.

Causes of Cardiac Arrest

1. Cardiac Causes

(a) Coronary artery disease.
(b) Coronary artery spasm.
(c) Coronary embolism.
(d) Infection of heart muscle.
(e) Cardiac tumor.
(f) Rupture aneurysm of the ventricle.
(g) Atrial fibrillation/ventricular fibrillation.
(h) Complete heart block.
(i) WPW Syndrome.

2. Extra Cardiac Causes

(a) Anesthesia.
(b) Sudden obstruction of airway due to foreign body, food, dentures.
(c) Electric shock.
(d) Drugs.

Clinical Feature of Cardiac Arrests

Sudden collapse, unconsciousness, cyanosis, and cessation of heart sounds and respiration.

Management of Cardiac Arrest

Cardio pulmonary resuscitation