Kidney Stones

What is Kidney Stones? Kidney stones are usually based on calcium salts, uric acid, cystine and struvite. Of the calcium stones the majority are made of calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate. The commonest kidney stones are the calcium…

Myasthenia Gravis

What is Myasthenia Gravis? Myasthenia Gravis is a chronic disease characterised by abnormal weakness and fatigability on exertion. It is due to a shortage of an enzyme called Acetylcholine as a result of acetyle choline receptor…

Tetanus

What is Tetanus? Tetanus is a neuralgic disorder, characterised by increased muscle tension and spasms (Trismus). The disease is caused by a bacteria called clostridium tetani. This organism is found in soil and in animal feces. This…

Brain Tumors

What is Brain Tumor? It is a growth of abnormal cells within the brain that may be cancerous or non-cancerous. Brain tumors produce symptoms by compression of adjacent tissues or by the infiltrative spread. Many of the symptoms are caused…

Polycystic Kidney Disease

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease is a systemic hereditary disorder transmitted in an autosomal-dominant manner. It is genetically heterogeneous; so far, two genes have been identified. The…

Breast Abscess

What is Breast Abscess? It is an acute collection of pus within the breast tissue. Causes 1. Women who have recently given birth to a child. 2. Poor nipple hygiene. 3. Not permitting the child to breastfeed. 4. Rough handling of breasts.…

Gynecomastia

What is Gynecomastia? Gynecomastia is defined as the abnormal development of breasts in men.Causes 1. Physiological: Newborns, adolescence, aging. 2. Pathological: a. Deficient testosterone increased estrogen. b. Congenital absence of…

Food Poisoning

What is Food Poisoning? Food Poisoning is defined as a condition resulting from eating contaminated foods or consuming poisoned berries, mushrooms, etc. The commonest cause of food poisoning is stale decomposed food that is contaminated by…

Abortion

What is Abortion? It is defined as the expulsion or removal of an embryo or fetus from the womb at a stage of pregnancy when it is incapable of independent survival i.e. at any time between conception and the 28th week of pregnancy.…

Cerebral Hemorrhage

What is Cerebral Hemorrhage? The average affected individuals range from middle-aged to old. The onset is explosive with headache and vomiting. Loss of consciousness occurs and there is rapid deterioration. Hypertension is always present.…