Infective Endocarditis

What is Infective Endocarditis? Infective Endocarditis is a microbial infection (if damaged heart valves of rheumatic origin and of the endocardium of the heart (the inner lining). Clinical Features of Infective Endocarditis 1. High…

Rheumatic Fever

Rheumatic Fever is an inflammatory disease, which occurs as a delayed sequel to pharyngeal infection with streptococcal bacteria. It involves principally the heart, joints, central nervous system and skin. Clinical Features of Rheumatic…

Ischemic Heart Disease

What is Ischemic Heart Disease? Ischaemic Heart Disease is defined as an episodic disease resulting in a temporary stoppage of blood in the coronary arteries and ischaemia of the heart muscle. Clinical Features of Ischaemic Heart Disease…

Heart Block

What is Heart Block? Heart Block is a condition in which there is a failure in the conduction of electrical impulses from the natural pacemaker (Sinoatrial node) through the heart, which can lead to a slowing of the pumpaction. Heart…

Tachycardia

What is Tachycardia? The normal pulse rate varies from 60-72 per minute. This rate may rise with specific conditions like in Tachycardia. 1. Physiological: Exercise, pain, anxiety, nervousness, pregnancy 2. Pathological: Fever,…

Hypertention

What is Hypertension? Blood pressure above 140/90 constitutes hypertension. Increase in diastolic pressure is more important in the definition of hypertension. Types of Hypertension (Diastolic) 1. Mild hypertension: Diastolic pressure…

Hypotension

What is Hypotension? Hypotension and shock are not synonymous. While the shock is always associated with low BP, a previously hypertensive patient may be in shock despite BP being within normal limits. Hypotension may occur in the absence…