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Facial Rash - Definition, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment


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Facial rash is occurs in middle-aged men and women. Facial rashes often cause diagnostic confusion but a close examination of the clinical signs should help differentiate the underlying cause. There are many types of facial rashes like Rosacea, buttrefly etc. It is sometimes also called as butterfly rash, which is a red, flat facial rash over the bridge of the nose. It is characterised by the accumulation of fluid in the face, which may extend to the neck and upper arms. All facial rashes can cause significant distress to the patient and this should never be underestimated. For the ultimate treatment of your skin, consider using Aloe and Vitamin E creams, as an after treatment, once you have reduced the facial rash infection. One of the most important considerations in treatment of facial rash is protection of the eye on the affected side. Use nonprescription decongestants to relieve nasal stuffiness. Decongestants can be taken by mouth or used as nose drops or sprays. Oral decongestants, such as pseudoephedrine, are probably more effective and provide longer relief, but they cause more side effects.

Causes of Facial rashes

The cause of facial rashes is unknown. There are several main factor's of facial rashes including: genetic, environmental, vascular, inflammatory. An increased incidence of facial rashes has been reported in those who carry the stomach bacterium, helicobacter pylori, but most dermatologists do not believe it to be the cause of rosacea. Facial rashes may be aggravated by facial creams or oils, and especially by topical steroids.

Common causes and risk factors of Facial rashes:

  • Dermatomyositis.
  • Seborrhoeic Eczema.
  • Bacteria, viruses and fungi.
  • Acne and pimples.
  • Parasites like lice and mites.

Signs and Symptoms of Facial rashes

Facial rashes are quite different from acne. It may also result in reddened skin, scaling and swelling of affected areas. Many of these symptoms can begin before the weakness of the facial muscles becomes apparent. If a rash breaks out around the face or ear, this may represent Ramsay-Hunt syndrome. If there is hearing loss or ear drainage, this may suggest an acute or chronic middle ear infection.

Sign and symptoms may include the following:

  • Headache and Itching.
  • Burning sensation.
  • Upset stomach.
  • Sensitivity to Sunligh.
  • Loss of Appetite.
  • Weight Loss.

Treatment for Facial rashes

One of the most important considerations in treatment of facial rash is protection of the eye on the affected side. Tetracycline antibiotics including doxycycline and minocycline reduce inflammation. They reduce the redness, papules, pustules and eye symptoms of rosacea. Sometimes other oral antibiotics such as cotrimoxasole or metronidazole are prescribed for resistant cases. Metronidazole cream or gel can be used intermittently or long term on its own for mild cases and in combination with oral antibiotics for more severe cases.

Treatment may include:

  • A minor operation using a special needle inserted into the nerve through the cheek can stop the pain.
  • Anticonvulsants or similar medications, such as carbamazepine, that directly affect the nerves are often prescribed.
  • Apply cool or lukewarm compresses to itchy or sore areas.
  • A liquid nitrogen slush is applied which seals the pores, stimulates healing and gives the skin a youthful glow.