Ear surgery (otoplasty ) is the treatment of diseases, injuries, or disfigurements of the ear by operation with instruments. Ear Plastic Surgery minimal the size of large ears or sets prominent ears back closer to the head.
Ear surgery is performed to correct specific types of hearing loss, and to treat diseases of, injuries to, or deformities of the ear's auditory tube, middle ear, inner ear, and auditory and vestibular systems. Middle ear infections are characterized into two basic types that behave very differently.
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is the term given to fluid in the middle ear. Severe otitis media (AOM) refers to fluid in the middle ear plus abrupt symptoms of pain, and sometimes fever. There may be redness, and a beetling of the eardrum. Children with OME perform well.
Children with AOM act sick, specially at night, usually with a fever. Ear surgery is often performed to treat conductive hearing loss, pertinacious ear infections, unhealed perforated eardrums, congenital ear defects, and tumors. Ear surgery is normally done on children ranging ages 4 and 14 years old.
Most ear surgery is microsurgery, operated with an operating microscope to enable the surgeon to view the very small structures of the ear. Laser surgery reduces the amount of trauma because of vibration, enhances coagulation, and enables surgeons to ingress hard to reach places in the middle ear.
Types of ear surgery include stapedectomy, tympanoplasty, myringotomy and ear tube surgery, ear surgery to patch a punctured eardrum, cochlear implants, and tumor removal.
Ear surgery is accomplished on children and adults. Early tube placement should be considered for children who have complex OME. These complications are uncommon and join to the prolonged retraction of the eardrum causing damage to the eardrum or the little bones of the middle ear. Early tube placement should also be concerned for children who have any type of preexisting hearing loss or balance disorder.
Children who have any other communication or sensory contention (visual, developmental delay, autism, speech delay, etc.) are also candidates for early tubes. Postoperative complexities such as blood clots and infection are uncommon. A second operation may become necessary if the ear occasionally sticks out again.