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Home :: Neurology Disorders

Stereotypic Movement Disorder - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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Stereotypic Movement Disorder
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People with stereotypic movement disorder often hurt themselves. Some people develop behaviors such as keeping their hands in their pockets, to prevent these movements. Cause of stereotypic movement disorder is certain physical conditions, head injuries and use of some drugs ( cocaine ). Childhood habits can result in negative social interactions and avoidance by peers and family members. Some repetitive behaviors can cause damage. The most common treatment approaches used for children with this condition are therapies aimed at reducing stress that may trigger the movements and changing behaviors. Some medications may also help reduce stereotypic behavior. Naltrexone has been used with some success in reducing stereotypic self-injurious behavior. In some cases, antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft and Luvox (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), or Anafranil (a tricyclic antidepressant) may be helpful.

Causes of Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Common Causes and Risk factors of Stereotypic Movement Disorder

  • Stress.
  • Head injuries.
  • Frustration.
  • Boredom.
  • Cocaine.
  • Amphetamines.

Signs and Symptoms of Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Common Sign and Symptoms of Stereotypic Movement Disorder

  • Rocking.
  • Head-banging.
  • Nail-biting.
  • Hitting own body.
  • Handshaking or waving.
  • Mouthing of objects.

Treatment for Stereotypic Movement Disorder

Common Treatment for Stereotypic Movement Disorder

  • There are few successful treatments for stereotypic movement disorder. In some cases, antidepressants such as Prozac, Zoloft and Luvox (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors), or Anafranil (a tricyclic antidepressant) may be helpful.
  • Naltrexone has been used with some success in reducing stereotypic self-injurious behavior, but research on this is only preliminary.
  • Behavioral techniques have been the most successful treatment for social phoba.
  • Relaxation techniques also may be used to help the child resist the urges.
  • Psychotherapy have been the most successful treatment modalities.