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Home :: Neurology Disorders

Ganser Syndrome - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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Ganser's syndrome is usually sudden in onset and, like malingering , seems to arise in response to an opportunity for personal gain or the avoidance of some responsibility. Loss of memory (amnesia) for the events that occurred during an episode is common. Ganser syndrome is very rare. It is more common in men than in women and most often occurs in the late teens and early adult years. Ganser Syndrome is believed to be a reaction to extreme stress. Another factor that may contribute to Ganser syndrome is a desire to avoid responsibility or an unpleasant situation. There are also physical problems that may cause the symptoms of Ganser syndrome. Treatment is usually limited to recognition of the condition. Supportive psychotherapy (a type of counseling), and monitoring for safety and a return of symptoms are the main treatments for Ganser syndrome. Medication usually is not used, unless the person also suffers from depression , anxiety or a personality disorder. Medication rarely is necessary and may be contraindicated in medically ill patients. Low-dose benzodiazepines and antipsychotic medications have been used with limited success.

Causes of Ganser Syndrome

Common Causes and Risk factors of Ganser Syndrome

  • Extreme stress.
  • Alcohol.
  • Head injury.
  • Stroke.
  • Smoking.

Signs and Symptoms of Ganser Syndrome

Common Sign and Symptoms of Ganser Syndrome

  • Amnesia after illness.
  • Confusion.
  • Hallucinations.
  • loss of memory
  • Precipitating stress.
  • Loss of personal identity.
  • Echolalia and echopraxia.

Treatment for Ganser Syndrome

Common Treatment for Ganser Syndrome

  • Supportive psychotherapy (a type of counseling), and monitoring for safety and a return of symptoms are the main elements of therapy for Ganser syndrome.
  • Medicine is also useful for Ganser syndrome such as,low-dose benzodiazepines and antipsychotic medications have been used with limited success.
  • Psychopharmacological interventions should be used with caution because they could result in masking an underlying organic disease.