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Home :: Neurology Disorders

Cyclothymia - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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Cyclothymic disorder can be crippling nonetheless. And it is a risk factor for bipolar disease itself, with up to 50 percent of those with cyclothymia eventually developing bipolar disorder. Major depression is also a higher risk. The estimated prevalence of cyclothymia is between 0.4 percent and 1 percent of the general population in the United States. It usually begins during adolescence or early adulthood. Treatment for cyclothymia can include a variety of Cognitive and behavioural techniques. Family therapy to help each family member deal with distress related to cyclothymia and to develop coping strategies. Additionally, Mood stabilizers , such as Lithium and anticonvulsants , are often prescribed in low doses to treat cyclothymia. Medications may help some people with cyclothymia to regulate their moods and prevent periods of hypomania and depression. Medications commonly include is Lithium (Eskalith, Lithobid) ,anticonvulsants, such as valproic acid (Depakene), divalproex (Depakote) and carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol).

Causes of Cyclothymia

Common Causes and Risk factors of Cyclothymia

  • Genetic contribution.
  • Psychosocial factors.
  • Drug or alcohol.
  • Smoking.
  • Disturbances in the sleep-wake cycle.

Signs and Symptoms of Cyclothymia

Common Sign and Symptoms of Cyclothymia

  • Change in weight
  • Tendency to be distracted.
  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Physical agitation.
  • Loss of energy.
  • Depression.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Irritability or angry outbursts.

Treatment for Cyclothymia

Common Treatment for Cyclothymia

  • Treatment for cyclothymia can include a variety of Cognitive and behavioural techniques.
  • Family therapy to help each family member deal with distress related to cyclothymia and to develop coping strategies.
  • Additionally, Mood stabilizers , such as Lithium and anticonvulsants , are often prescribed in low doses to treat cyclothymia.
  • Medications may help some people with cyclothymia to regulate their moods and prevent periods of hypomania and depression.
  • Medications commonly include is anticonvulsants, such as valproic acid (Depakene), divalproex (Depakote) and carbamazepine (Carbatrol, Tegretol).
  • Others antipsychotics, such as risperidone (Risperdal), olanzapine is useful for cyclothymia.