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Home :: Neurology Disorders

Autism Disorder - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

 

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Autism is believed that several genes are involved in the development of autism. A large database showing theoretical links between autism and genetic loci summarises research indicating that the genetic influence may extend to every human chromosome. Approximately 3 to 6 out of every 10,000 children born are diagnosed with autism. A child with autism may resist cuddling, play alone, be resistant to change, and/or have delayed speech development. Persons with autism tend to exhibit repeated body movements. Autism is more prevalent in boys than girls, with four times as many boys affected than girls. The large number of autistic individuals with unaffected family members may result from copy number variations (CNVs), spontaneous alterations in the genetic material during meiosis that delete or duplicate genetic material. Environment and season of birth predicted the development of an autistic disorder, but subsequent investigators have not confirmed these associations. Treatments such as dietary modification and vitamin therapies, medication, music therapy, colored or prism lenses, auditory training, sensory integration, social skills programming, speech therapy. Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has become widely accepted as an effective treatment for ASD.

Causes of Autism Disorder

Common Causes and Risk factors of Autism Disorder

  • Genetic facts.
  • Autoimmune mechanisms.
  • Mirror neurons.
  • Hyper-systemizing hypothesizes.
  • Environment factors.
  • Season of birth predicted.

Signs and Symptoms of Autism Disorder

Common Sign and Symptoms of Autism Disorder

  • Shows a lack of interest in.
  • Does not communicate well with others
  • Demonstrates repetitive behaviors
  • Requires routines.
  • Avoids making eye contact with others, including parents.
  • Does not socially interact well with others, including parents.

Treatment for Autism Disorder

Common Treatment for Autism Disorder

  • Parents, teachers, and therapists work together in coordinated efforts to encourage social adjustment and speech development in the child.
  • Positive reinforcement techniques such as offering food for appropriate behavior or language responses have been successful in promoting skills.
  • Treatment may be in an institution, specialized school, day-care setting, or in the home.
  • Family members may need counseling because they often feel guilty or inadequate.
  • Treatments such as dietary modification and vitamin therapies, medication, music therapy, colored or prism lenses, auditory training, sensory integration.
  • Social skills programming and speech therapy is als supportig treatment for autism disorder.
  • Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) has become widely accepted as an effective treatment for ASD