Backache is defined as mild to severe pain or discomfort in the area of the lower back. Back problems affect all kinds of people, men as much as women and young as well as old. Young people are more likely to have brief, acute episodes of back pain, while chronic pain is more characteristic of older people. Just over one in four people over the age of 65 suffered back pain for the whole year. Sedentary living habits, hazardous work patterns and psychological conditions associated with emotional stress, which bring about spasm of the muscles, cause backaches. As the back bears the weight of the entire body, overweight persons feel the strain on the back when they have to carry an extra load. Low back pain may be acute (short-term), lasting less than one month, or chronic (long-term, continuous, ongoing), lasting longer than three months. While getting acute back pain more than once is common, continuous long-term pain is not. Many people experience back pain as they age and their joint tissues deteriorate or shift. Psychological tension, stress, or anxiety about everyday problems can also lead to backache.
Backache can be a warning sign of infection or complications, especially when a woman also has fever or other symptoms. Backaches occasionally stem from a congenital (present from birth) malformation. In such cases, pain generally results from the unusual stresses that the deformity imposes on surrounding muscular structures rather than from the abnormality itself. Backaches can appear abruptly after physical activity or may develop slowly. The pain may feel like a sharp jab or a dull ache. The pain sometimes becomes so piercing that a person who is bending over may not be able to straighten up. Severe back pain may also be accompanied by pain or numbness radiating down one or both legs. When a backache is the result of some deformity or damage to a disk (the soft material that lies between the bones of the spine), surgery may be necessary to correct the problem. Braces, corsets, or shoe lifts can sometimes improve the condition. Physical therapy may be useful because it strengthens back muscles, which helps to prevent the recurrence of back strain.
Prevention of Backache
- Walking, cycling in an upright posture and simple swimming can enhance health of your back.
- Dress in comfortable clothes and avoid high heels.
- One should also avoid looking down for long periods of time while seated at a desk.
- Avoid being obese and maintain correct weight for your height.
Home Remedies for Backache
- The most important home remedy for backache is the use of garlic. Two or three cloves should be taken every morning to get results. An oil prepared from garlic and rubbed on the back will give great relief.
- Lemon is another useful remedy for backache.
- Raw potato is an ancient home remedy for backache, characterised by incapacitating pain in the lumbar region, especially in the lower part of the back.
- Fish oil taken daily, is the least expensive and most effective manner in which to eliminate backache, joint pain, pains in the wrists.
- A mixture of powdered sonth, sweet soda and salt if consumed with hot milk or water can alleviate your backache problems.
- While sleeping, sleep on a firm mattress. Avoid sleeping face down.
- Heat may be applied with hot water bottle or infrared lamp for temporary relief in the area.
- Drink some hot milk or water with powdered sonth, meetha soda, and namak.