Asthma is a chronic disease which causes the airways - the tubes that bear air in and out of your lungs - to become sore and swollen. Asthma is an inflammatory complication of the bronchial airways. This inflammation causes the general function of the airways to become overabundant and over-reactive.
Children have smaller airways as compared to adults, which makes asthma specially serious for them. It is called Asthmatic Bronchitis. Childhood asthma is a sickness with genetic predispositions and a strong allergic component.
Children having asthma can experience wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and trouble breathing, specially early in the morning or at night. Around 75 to 80 percent of children with asthma have significant allergies. When asthma symptoms become badly than usual, it is called an asthma attack.
Allergic reactions creates both immediate and late stage (delayed) reactions asthma in children. Running may propel an episode in over 80 percent of children having asthma. Weather conditions - very cold, windy or unexpected changes in the weather. Infections like colds and flu results asthma in children.
Bronchodilator medication, good hydration, and when symptomed, corticosteroids are needed to control an asthma episode triggered by viral infections. Cigarette smoke, air pollution, strong odors, aerosol sprays and paint fumes are some of the matter which irritate the tissues of the lungs and upper airways. The reaction (cough, wheeze, phlegm, runny nose, watery eyes) produced by these irritants may be similar to those produced by allergens.
Medications, such as aspirin or related drugs, as well as some drugs taken to cure glaucoma and high blood pressure cause of asthma in children. Asthma commonly pass in families and children can inherit the tendency to get inflamed bronchial tubes.
Symptoms of asthma in children include wheezing ,cough - chronic or recrudescing (worse particularly at night and in the early hours of the morning), pain or a tight feeling in the chest, shortness of breath, flaring of the nostrils during breathing in (specially in children), interrupted talking, agitation and hyperinflation.
Asthma is cured with two types of medicines: fast-relief medicines to pause asthma symptoms and long-term control medicines to prevent symptoms. Treatments aim to lower the frequency, severity and length of asthma attacks.
Allergy immunotherapy can be recommended whether there is a reasonably clear expression wihch exposure to the allergen is a trigger for the asthma symptoms. Asthma also requires to be controlled by dealing with the things that make it worse. Usage of a peak flow meter can be helpful, exceptionally if the parents or child have difficulty recognizing the early stages of an asthma attack, or to track the procession of the disease.
If the symptoms are mild or happen infrequently (less than twice a week during the daytime or less than twice per month at night), a bronchodilator drug such as an albuterol inhaler or nebulizer may be all that is required. Chronic irritation of the airway of an asthmatic child unprotected to secondary smoke can make asthma difficult to control.