Macrobid is an antibiotic. It fights bacteria in the body. Nitrofurantoin is an antibacterial agent definite for urinary tract infections. Nitrofurantoin chemical name of nitrofurantoin macrocrystals is 1-[5-nitro-2-furanyl]methylene]amino]- 2,4-imidazolidinedione. Nitrofurantoin is not indicated for the treatment of pyelonephritis or perinephric abscesses. Nitrofurantoin is lessened by bacterial flavoproteins to reactive intermediates that inactivate or variate bacterial ribosomal proteins and other macromolecules.
As a consequence of such inactivations, the vital biochemical processes of protein synthesis, aerobic energy metabolism, DNA synthesis, RNA synthesis, and cell wall synthesis are inhibited. Nitrofurantoin, in the form of Macrobid, has been shown to be active against most stretches of the following bacteria both in vitro and in clinical infections. Twenty-five percent is macrocrystalline nitrofurantoin, that has slower dissolution and absorption than nitrofurantoin monohydrate. The unexpended 75% is nitrofurantoin monohydrate contained in a powder blend which, upon exposure to gastric and intestinal fluids, forms a gel matrix that releases nitrofurantoin over time.
Nitrofurantoin is more side effect mainly Nausea, headache. Other side effect is stomach/abdominal pain, yellowing eyes/skin, tiredness, fast/pounding heartbeat. Nitrofurantoin is not dynamic against most strains of Proteus species or Serratia species. Nitrofurantoin is bactericidal in urine at therapeutic doses.
Macrobid medication may rarely cause very severe (possibly fatal) lung complications. Lung problems may happen within the first month of treatment or after long-term use of nitrofurantoin (generally for 6 months or longer). Symptoms of a acute allergic reaction may involve : rash, itching, swelling, serious dizziness, trouble breathing. It has no reactivity against Pseudomonas species. Macrobid capsules should be taken with food.
Adults dose is one 100 mg capsule every 12 hours for seven days. Antibiotics work best when the amount of medicine in your body is kept at a incessant level. Hence, take this drug at evenly spaced intervals. Whether you take Macrobid overdose seek emergency medical attention and symptoms of a Macrobid overdose include nausea and vomiting.
Side effects of Macrobid
- Stomach/abdominal pain.
- Yellowing eyes/skin.
The dose of these medicines will be different for different patients. Take Macrobid with food or milk to reduce stomach upset and to increase the absorption of the drug into the body. Adults dose is one 100 mg capsule every 12 hours for seven days. Seek emergency medical attention. Symptoms of a Macrobid overdose include nausea and vomiting.
Warnings and precautions before taking Macrobid
Kidney function fades as you grow older. This medication is removed by the kidneys. Thence, elderly people may be at a greater risk for side effects while using this drug. This medication passes into breast milk and may have unsought effects on nursing infants younger than 1 month old or those with a certain genetic condition. If you are near the end of your pregnancy or at the time of labor and delivery. Doing so may cause a certain blood disorder. During pregnancy, this medication should be used very safety.